Ebola Information, Preparedness and Updates
viral disease is a severe, often fatal disease that affects humans and some
animals (like monkeys, gorillas, and chimpanzees). It is caused by the Ebola
does Ebola spread?
virus is spread by directly touching an
infected person or animal’s skin, blood or body fluids. It cannot be spread
simply by being near someone who is infected. Researchers believe that most
Ebola outbreaks start when an animal carrying the Ebola virus infects a person,
who can then infect other people.
Since the virus can
survive on surfaces for a short period of time, people can be infected by
touching objects (like needles or bed sheets) that contain infected blood or
outbreaks, the disease can spread quickly within health care settings if
workers do not wear protective gear and take proper precautions.
only become contagious after
they begin to have symptoms, such as fever.
are the symptoms of Ebola?
disease usually starts with an abrupt fever, possibly with headache and joint
and muscle aches. Other symptoms may include:
patients may also experience:
inside and outside the body
do symptoms first appear?
usually appear 8 to 10 days after exposure but may appear anywhere from 2 to 21
days after exposure.
How serious is Ebola?
severity of the disease varies, but over 50% of patients with Ebola have died
during past outbreaks. Researchers do
not fully understand why some people who become sick with Ebola recover while
others do not.
has Ebola been reported?
the current outbreak, nearly all confirmed Ebola cases have been reported from
three African countries: Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone.
is Ebola treated? There
is no known effective medication for Ebola infection. Treatment focuses on
supportive care and may require intensive care unit support. There is no
vaccine for Ebola.
The NYSDOH is advising health care providers
and facilities to consider the following:
vigilance in inquiring about a history of travel to West Africa in the 21 days
before illness onset for any patient presenting with fever or other
symptoms consistent with EVD
who report a travel history to an Ebola-affected country (currently
Liberia, Sierra Leone, and Guinea) and who are exhibiting EVD symptoms:
In a private room with a private
Implement Standard, Contact, and
Droplet Precautions. Staff must
use gowns, eye protection, gloves, and a facemask when caring for suspect
patients. A respiratory protective
mask is not required.
of any suspect case(s) to any outside agency will be done by the
information states that Ebola is not transmissible by the airborne route.
information on precautionary measures for the Ebola virus in New York State,
please visit: http://www.cdc.gov/vhf/ebola/symptoms/index.html